Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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2014 | May-August | Volume 6 | Issue 2

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Nirmala Jaget

Letter-to-Editor I

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jsafog-6-2-ix  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Randhir Puri

Editorial

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jsafog-6-2-v  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

EDITORIAL

Talha Abdul Haleem

THE MOLECULAR DETAILS OF GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS: BEHAVIORAL PATTERNS OF PANCREATIC CELLS

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jsafog-6-2-vii  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ayush Agarwal, Omkar Singh, VK Rastogi

Letter-to-Editor II

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:0 - 0]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jsafog-6-2-x  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

• Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness of human beings having a case fatality rate of up to 90%.

• Ebola virus disease outbreaks occur primarily in remote Central and West Africa, near the tropical rainforests.

• The virus is transmitted to humans from wild animals and spreads in the human beings through physical contact.

• It does not transmit through vectors or air-borne droplets.

• Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care. No specific treatment or vaccine is available for use.

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Constantinos Tsompos, Constantinos Panoulis, Konstantinos Toutouzas, George Zografos, Apostolos Papalois

The Effect of Erythropoietin on Progesterone Levels during Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in Rats

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:6] [Pages No:65 - 70]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1273  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Bhavna Kumare, Nikita Vijay

Pica in Rural Obstetric Population: An Underestimated Nutritional Mystery

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:71 - 74]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1274  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Sujaya Sham, B Poornima R Bhat, Aruna Kamath

Comparative Study of Fasting Plasma Glucose Concentration and Glucose Challenge Test for Screening Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:75 - 78]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1275  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Abhay Shete, Meghana Kulkarni, Kalpana Shete, Kedar Walimbe, Firoz Mulla

Emergency Bilateral Internal Iliac Ligation for Managing Postpartum Hemorrhage as Life Saving Measure in Private Nursing Homes in Semi-urban Settings

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:4] [Pages No:79 - 82]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1276  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Ahmad Malik, Shaheen Kausar, Alia Bashir, Mamoon Akbar Qureshi

Seasonal Trends in the Occurrence of Eclampsia

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:83 - 87]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1277  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Krishna Dahiya, Jyoti Sahu

Single Step Test for Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:88 - 92]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1278  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Thangappah Radha Bai Prabhu

H1N1 Influenza Virus Infection in Pregnancy: A Study of 32 Cases

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:93 - 97]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1279  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Neema Acharya, Sabiha , Shaveta Gupta, Rutuja Athavale

Study of Change in Knowledge and Attitude of Secondary School Teachers toward Adolescent Reproductive Health Education after Training Program in Rural Schools of Wardha District, Maharashtra

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:98 - 100]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1280  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

De Reena, Sebanti Goswami

A Comparative Study of Laparoscopically Assisted Vaginal Hysterectomy and Non-descended Vaginal Hysterectomy

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:101 - 103]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1281  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Kanchan Sortey

Infrared Coagulation of Benign Erosions of Cervix

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:104 - 106]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1282  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

REVIEW ARTICLE

Rajani Rawat, Ruchika Garg

Urinary Incontinence: Revisited

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:107 - 111]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1283  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

CASE REPORT

Richa Singh, Poonam Yadav

Vaginal Leiomyoma: A Rare Presentation

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:112 - 113]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1284  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

CASE REPORT

Rohina S Aggarwal, Vineet V Mishra, Shilpa Ninama, Astha Dudhat

Primary Amenorrhea in a Thalassemia Major

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:114 - 115]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1285  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

CASE REPORT

Sunita Ghike, Sulbha Joshi, Sheela Jain, Madhuri Vaidya

Diprosopus: A Rare Conjoined Twin

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:116 - 117]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1286  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

CASE REPORT

Ami Mehta

Efficacy of Amino Acids, Vitamins, Minerals, Docosahexaenoic Acid, Galactagogue Combination on Lactation: A Postmarketing Surveillance Study

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:5] [Pages No:118 - 122]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1287  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

CASE REPORT

Soma Ghoshal, Shuchi Jain, Madhu Jain

A Case of Endometriosis in Episiotomy Scar with Anal Sphincter Involvement and Extension into Ischiorectal Fossa

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:123 - 125]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1288  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

CASE REPORT

Shikha Joshi, Prabhjot Ubeja

Malignant Brenner Tumor of Ovary

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:3] [Pages No:126 - 128]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1289  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

RESEARCH ARTICLE

N Xita, A Tsatsoulis

Review: Fetal Programming of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome by Androgen Excess — Evidence from Experimental, Clinical and Genetic Association Studies

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:2] [Pages No:129 - 130]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jsafog-6-2-129  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

Abstract

Objective

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder of premenopausal women, characterized by hyperandrogenism, polycystic ovaries, and chronic anovulation along with insulin resistance and abdominal obesity as frequent metabolic traits. Although, PCOS manifests clinically during adolescence, emerging data suggest that the natural history of PCOS may originate in intrauterine life.

Evidence Acquisition

Evidence from experimental, clinical, and genetic research supporting the hypothesis for the fetal origins of PCOS has been analyzed.

Evidence Synthesis

Female primates, exposed in utero to androgen excess, exhibit the phenotypic features of PCOS during adult life. Clinical observations also support a potential fetal origin of PCOS. Women with fetal androgen excess disorders, including congenital 21-hydroxylase deficiency and congenital adrenal virilizing tumors, develop features characteristic of PCOS during adulthood despite the normalization of androgen excess after birth. The potential mechanisms of fetal androgen excess leading to a PCOS phenotype in humans are not clearly understood. However, maternal and/or fetal hyperandrogenism can provide a plausible mechanism for fetal programming of PCOS, and this, in part, may be genetically determined. Thus, genetic association studies have indicated that common polymorphic variants of genes determining androgen activity or genes that influence the availability of androgens to target tissues are associated with PCOS and increased androgen levels. These genomic variants may provide the genetic link to prenatal androgenization in human PCOS.

Conclusion

Prenatal androgenization of the female fetus induced by genetic and environmental factors, or the interaction of both, may program differentiating target tissues toward the development of PCOS phenotype in adult life.

REVIEW ARTICLE

PK Shah, Hema Divakar

Principles and Practice of Obstetrics and Gynecology for Postgraduates

[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:6] [Number:2] [Pages:1] [Pages No:131 - 131]

PDF  |  DOI: 10.5005/jsafog-6-2-131  |  Open Access |  How to cite  | 

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