Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Study on Changes in Contraceptive Behavior during COVID-19 Pandemic in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Jharkhand

Indrani Dutta, Atima Bharti

Keywords : Barriers, Challenges, Contraceptive, COVID-19, Pandemic

Citation Information : Dutta I, Bharti A. Study on Changes in Contraceptive Behavior during COVID-19 Pandemic in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Jharkhand. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2024; 16 (3):223-226.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-2412

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: The COVID-19 pandemic had widespread impact namely lockdown, movement restrictions, and limited availability of services. This led to tremendous change in people's decision and changed behavior toward contraceptive access and usage. This study was conducted at Rajendra Institute of Health Sciences, Ranchi to assess the changes in contraceptive behavior during first wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Aims and objectives: To study changes in contraceptive behavior during first wave of COVID-19 Pandemic in a Tertiary Care Hospital of Jharkhand and assess contraceptive preference and acceptance in women during COVID-19 pandemic. Results: A total of 370 participants were included in this study. Participants from different age groups were found in this study ranging from <20 years to ≥40 years. Most respondents belonged to age group 30–39 years (43.24%). Respondents were mostly graduates 160 (43.24%). Yearly income of most respondents (43.24%) was approximately rupees 20,000–50,000. Non tribals were more in number in our study (70.27%) than tribal population (29.72%). Most respondents (59.45%) had lack of money to go to health facility, 29.72% faced lack of transportation, 21.62% had no companion to accompany them to facility, 18.91% reported that clinics had closed during lockdown and 16.21% feared that they would get COVID infection if they stepped out of their homes. There were respondents who despite lockdown tried to get contraceptive advise, but faced several challenges. Approximately 32.43% could not get prescription for an old method, 24.32% could not get DMPA injection, 21.62% could not get IUCD removed, 18.91% could not start a new method, and 16.21% could not get medical abortion when they wished. Conclusion: Understanding the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on contraceptive care experiences, use and decision making can lead to interventions in mitigating adverse effects on sexual and reproductive health outcomes. Also, contraceptive decision making should be choice of women solely and not influenced by family or male partner. Clinical significance: COVID-19 pandemic was an eye opener for the entire world. It has made us think that contraceptive choices, availability, and healthcare of women in general takes a back seat whenever there are situations which disturb the infrastructure of the society and country in general. Hence, steps should be taken so that healthcare is not compromised at any situation, so that women are empowered to avail contraceptive and healthcare facilities without any barriers or challenges.

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