Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 2 ( March-April, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Prevalence of Vaginismus in Reproductive Age Group: Observational Study

Ashwini S Bulbuli, Vaishnavi A Kokate

Keywords : Female sexual dysfunction, Reproductive age group, Prevalence, Vaginal penetration, Vaginismus

Citation Information : Bulbuli AS, Kokate VA. Prevalence of Vaginismus in Reproductive Age Group: Observational Study. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2024; 16 (2):198-201.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-2395

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 23-02-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Vaginismus is a multifaceted disorder encompassing increased muscle tension, pain, anxiety, and fear due to psychosocial perspectives which makes vaginal penetration impossible. Vaginismus has irreparable effects on self-identity. It also negatively impacts the quality of life. Aim: To find the prevalence of vaginismus in the female reproductive age group of 20–35 years. Materials and methods: The current observational study comprised 160 married females in the age group of 20–35 years residing in Belagavi city in Karnataka, India. Women were screened according to the criteria from a tertiary care hospital. Outcome measures: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition by the American Psychiatric Association was used to assess vaginismus. Results: Females who were sexually active were included in this study. Out of the total sample, 28% were reported with primary vaginismus and 30% with secondary vaginismus. There was no specific relation between age and vaginismus. Conclusion: The study concludes that vaginismus is a common disorder that is highly prevalent in the Indian population and women hesitate to seek medical attention regarding it.

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