Citation Information :
Kalpana M, Sreenivas S, Santhosh S, Sabeena S. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice regarding Health Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic and Preventive Measures including Vaccination among Pregnant Women from South India. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2022; 14 (5):568-573.
Purpose: Pregnant women with coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) are at an increased risk for preterm delivery, stillbirth, and severe acute respiratory illness which is mainly attributed to the physiological and immunological changes of pregnancy. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) regarding the health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic and preventive measures among pregnant women from South India.
Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among 505 antenatal women at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala, India from July 2021 to September 2021. After taking informed written consent, the study participants were enrolled using a standardized and validated questionnaire. The data were analyzed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 15.0, for Windows (SPSSTM Inc., Chicago, IL, USA).
Results: The mean age of the enrolled antenatal women was 26.53 years (SD ± 5.14). History of past or present COVID-19 was given by 97 (19.2%) study participants. The first and second doses of the COVID-19 vaccine were taken by 123 (24.3%) and 55 women (10.9%), respectively. About 491 women (97.2%) were perceived to have a piece of good knowledge, and 14 (34.7%) had a moderate knowledge. The attitudes of 468 (92.7%), 35 (6.9%), and two (0.4%) women were good, moderate, and poor, respectively. The preventive practice by all the participants was good.
Conclusion: This study concludes that the KAP of pregnant women from South India regarding COVID-19 health effects and preventive measures are good. Antenatal clinics must ensure regular informative sessions stressing the importance of COVID-19 preventive behaviors.
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