Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 6 ( November-December, 2020 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Comparative Study of Amino Acid Supplementation in Lactation Insufficiency

R Nagarathnamma, Pooja Bhushan, Dutta Trayambak, R Ezhil Arasan

Keywords : Amino acids, Lactation insufficiency, Neonatal weight

Citation Information : Nagarathnamma R, Bhushan P, Trayambak D, Arasan RE. A Prospective, Randomized, Placebo-controlled Comparative Study of Amino Acid Supplementation in Lactation Insufficiency. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2020; 12 (6):408-414.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1848

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 12-04-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Objective: Our study evaluates the clinical efficacy of intravenous (i/v) amino acids in the prevention of lactation insufficiency and improvement of neonatal weight gain. Design: A prospective, randomized, open-label, placebo-controlled clinical trial is reported. Population or sample: This study recruited 305 lactating mothers of age-group, 22–35 years. Methods: Test group, n = 152, received i/v amino acid infusion, 500 mL, as study drug once daily for 4 days, and control group, n = 153, received normal saline as placebo, 500 mL od for 4 days. Main outcome measures: We studied the efficacy and safety of i/v amino acids in the prevention of lactation insufficiency. We further evaluated the role of maternal amino acid supplementation in ameliorating physiological weight loss and overall neonatal weight gain. Results: Lactation onset was reported in 86.3% of mothers in the amino acid group at day 0 as compared to 32.23% in the control group (p value < 0.001). Lactation was achieved by all the mothers in the study group by day 1 itself with two doses of i/v amino acids (p value < 0.001). An increase in neonatal weight was observed in the amino acid group, (2.900 ± 0.488, p value = 0.001) compared with the control group at 2 weeks (2.716 ± 0.484, p value = 0.001). Conclusion: Maternal amino acid supplementation is proven to be both efficacious and safe in augmenting breast milk production, thereby preventing lactation insufficiency. It effectively prevented neonatal physiological weight loss at 2 weeks and promoted substantial weight gain over a period of a month after birth.


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