Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 16 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

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Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes by a Single Step Procedure and Care is a Propitious Step Towards Containing the Epidemic of Diabetes

Veeraswamy Seshiah, Vijayam Balaji, Hema Divakar, Rajesh Jain, V Bhavatharani, Anjalakshi Chandrasekar

Keywords : Hyperglycemia in pregnancy, Diabetes in pregnancy study group India, Gestational diabetes mellitus

Citation Information : Seshiah V, Balaji V, Divakar H, Jain R, Bhavatharani V, Chandrasekar A. Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes by a Single Step Procedure and Care is a Propitious Step Towards Containing the Epidemic of Diabetes. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2024; 16 (3):274-277.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-2424

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

The prevalence of diabetes is increasing globally, based on the data published in the International Diabetes Federation Atlas (IDF) 9th edition 2019. The data in the Atlas revealed an alarming increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes in the world from 463 million in 2019 to 700 million in 2045, a 51% increase. While several reasons are ascribed for this rising trend including aging population, urbanization, genetic predisposition, nutrition and lifestyle transition, etc. One factor that has not received adequate attention is glucose intolerance that occurs during pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Gestational diabetes mellitus is defined as carbohydrates intolerance of varying degrees of severity with the onset or first recognition during pregnancy. The diagnosis of GDM has implication beyond the index pregnancy in that women with GDM are at increased risk of future diabetes, predominantly type 2 DM as are their offsprings. Gestational diabetes mellitus may play a crucial role in the increasing prevalence of diabetes and obesity. It is prudent to evaluate the preventive strategies for GDM management in terms of cost-effectiveness and disabilities averted by preventing complication of GDM.


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