Citation Information :
Chaturvedi A, Bhardwaj A, Sheokand V, Nath J. Detection and Comparison of the Parathyroid Hormone Level with Periodontal Status of Pregnant Women. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2023; 15 (2):183-188.
Background: This study aims to detect and compare the parathyroid hormone levels with the periodontal status of pregnant women longitudinally throughout their pregnancies.
Methods: A longitudinal study evaluated 20 pregnant respondents that reported to the Gynaecology Department of SGT Medical College, Hospital & Research Institute, Gurugram, Haryana, India were evaluated throughout the entire duration of their pregnancy. The respondents were surveyed for oral health awareness, oral hygiene practices, and oral health knowledge using a self-administered questionnaire in both Hindi and English. The pregnant respondents were evaluated for their oral health status with the help of the community periodontal index for treatment needs. (CPITN). Further, for the detection of the parathyroid hormone levels, the blood sample was withdrawn from the pregnant respondents when they reported for their routine check-ups. We drew 2 mL of venous blood in a plain vial, and the serum was assayed for parathyroid hormone (PTH) level by the using chemiluminescent microparticle immuneassay (CMIA) method. The PTH levels were then compared with the periodontal status of the pregnant respondents and checked for their association.
Results: The pregnant respondents evaluated for their oral health awareness exhibited unawareness regarding their oral hygiene, the pregnant respondents didn't comply with the required oral hygiene practices, and the oral hygiene knowledge was found to be severely diminished in the pregnant respondents. Post hoc comparison using Mann Whitney U test showed a significant difference only when community periodontal index (CPI) score two was compared with CPI score three rest of all the pairs failed to reach the level of statistical significance. Parathyroid hormone levels were found to be significantly more among subjects having CPI3 as compared to CPI2 readings.
Conclusion: Through this study, it was concluded that there is an increased need for gynecologists and dentists to work in coalition regarding the all-around health of pregnant women. The importance of the parathyroid hormone being evaluated during the pregnancy was that the PTH levels of the pregnant women were correlated to their periodontal findings as they progressed in their pregnancies.
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