Citation Information :
Tanwar R, Sarda S, Agarwal S, Dubey S. Prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infection in Pregnancy at a Tertiary Care Center of Central India: An Observational Study. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2022; 14 (2):128-131.
Background: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are one of the major health problems encountered during pregnancy having impact on both mother and child health.
Objective: To know the prevalence of STIs in pregnant females in our tertiary care center.
Methods: A retrospective observational study in which data of all the pregnant females diagnosed with STI over a period of 6 years (2016–2021) were studied.
Results: There were 508 females with pregnancy having sexually transmitted infections, which is 5.43% of total females with STIs with a mean age of 23 years. Majority of cases were from rural area (62.79%), illiterate (32.48%), diagnosed in first trimester (76.4%), and primigravida (65.7%) with heterosexual (100%) mode of sexual contact. Viral infections were the most common STIs in groups, but syphilis was the most common form of STI caused by a single organism encountered in females with pregnancy, 157 cases (30.9%), followed by condyloma acuminata, 94 cases (18.5%). Syphilis was the commonest STI seen with adverse fetal outcome (86.7%) among all causes of adverse fetal outcome.
Conclusion: Present study reported a low prevalence of sexually transmitted infections in pregnancy, and syphilis was the single most common cause of STIs in pregnancy.
Clinical significance: Sexually transmitted infections are quite common in pregnancy, which increases morbidity and mortality of both mother and child. Thus, antenatal clinic visits and checkup for STIs in pregnant female are advised.
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