Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 13 , ISSUE 3 ( May-June, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Medical Women on Planet Venus

Usha Saraiya

Keywords : Doctors, Gynecology, Planet Venus Medical Women Craters named after, Woman

Citation Information : Saraiya U. Medical Women on Planet Venus. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2021; 13 (3):185-190.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1900

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 09-09-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


There are 13 medical women who have graced the craters on Planet Venus by virtue of their contribution to medical science. Out of these, two from each of Germany and India and one from each of nine countries, namely, Iran, Greece, Italy, Spain, France, Britain, Russia, China, and Japan. This presentation will review the biographies of all of them. There are seven who lived and worked in the 19th and 20th centuries. Needless to say, they all have made outstanding contributions to medical relief. Venus has about 1,000 craters identified on its surface. Venus is supposed to be the planet for women. It is known as a twin of Earth as it is of the same mass and size as Earth. In 1991, scientists studying Venus with Magellan spacecraft proposed that these craters be named after famous women. It is an “Honor” for a positive contribution to medical science and society. There have been many space missions to study Venus. The then USSR sent 30 Venera Missions to Venus starting in 1961. Currently, a Japanese Akatsuki spaceship is orbiting Venus. Medical women had a late entry into medical profession, some time in the mid-19th century. They were not welcomed and had to establish themselves against all odds. In a span of 100 years, women in medicine gained a strong foothold and their contribution to health care was acknowledged all over the world. By the end of 20th century, their life and works were immortalized on Planet Venus. The history of the development of women in medical profession is chronicled here. It is a proud moment for all medical doctors that so many grace the craters of Planet Venus.

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