Background: To evaluate intraoperative and postoperative complications and to evaluate recurrence of vault prolapse in women who have undergone unilateral (left) sacrospinous ligament fixation. Aim: To evaluate safety, effectiveness, and ease of sacrospinous ligament fixation for prevention and treatment of vaginal vault prolapse. Materials and methods: This study was conducted between January 2016 and October 2017 at Smt. Kashibai Navale Medical College and General Hospital, Pune. This study included 106 patients (out of which18 had vault prolapse and 88 patients had III or IV degree uterine prolapse). Concomitant hysterectomy and sacrospinous ligament fixation were done in 88 patients with uterine prolapse, and patients with vault prolapse underwent sacrospinous ligament fixation. Sacropinous ligament fixation was combined with any other additional procedure if required for that patient. Results: All complications including intraoperative and postoperative were noted in all patients. One patient had rectal injury (n = 1; 0.94%), 1 patient had abscess (n = 1; 0.94%), 1 patient had hemorrhage requiring blood transfusion (n = 1;0.94%), 1 patient had cystocele (n = 1; 0.94%), 3 patients had urinary tract infection (n = 3; 2.8%), 16 patients had postoperative fever (n = 16; 15%), 21 patients had postoperative pain (n = 21; 20%), and 2 patients had sciatic neuralgia (n = 2; 2.8%). No recurrence of vault prolapse was noted. Conclusion: Sacrospinous ligament fixation is a safe, effective, and simple procedure for prevention and treatment of vaginal vault prolapse.
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