Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2020 ) > List of Articles


Pharmacological Options to Trigger Final Oocyte Maturation in In Vitro Fertilization

Sheetal G Sawankar, Neharika M Bora, Pinky R Shah, Narendra Malhotra

Citation Information : Sawankar SG, Bora NM, Shah PR, Malhotra N. Pharmacological Options to Trigger Final Oocyte Maturation in In Vitro Fertilization. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2020; 12 (1):38-44.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1753

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 02-11-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) has been the gold standard in the induction of final oocyte maturation since the pioneer days of in vitro fertilization (IVF). But owing to its long half-life, it leads to increased risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). Trigger of GnRH agonist is a more physiological trigger, effective, and safe, as it significantly reduces or eliminates risk of OHSS. Newer options of dual trigger and double trigger are discussed in this review, which can be used as modified luteal phase support in patients with expected suboptimal oocyte maturation. Newer pharmaceutical options such as Kissepeptins, key in central regulation of neuroendocrine system, and GnRH release need more studies before being implemented in general practice. This review includes details of various trigger options for final oocyte maturation and about combination of trigger options aiming safe and effective outcomes.

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