Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Register      Login

VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Impact of Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors on Reproductive Tract Infections during Reproductive Age Group (18–45 Years)

Vasudha Sawant, Sreesti Jaiswal, Manjiri Desai

Keywords : Demographic, Reproductive tract infection, Socioeconomic

Citation Information : Sawant V, Jaiswal S, Desai M. Impact of Socioeconomic and Demographic Factors on Reproductive Tract Infections during Reproductive Age Group (18–45 Years). J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2019; 11 (4):246-248.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1699

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-08-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction: The aims of this study were to identify the prevalence of reproductive tract infection (RTI) in married women of reproductive age group (18–45 years), to analyze the impact of socioeconomic and demographic factors on RTIs, to treat the underlying cause. Materials and methods: A total of 500 women were examined; out of those, 300 women were found to have RTIs and were enrolled for further study and evaluation. Appropriate antibiotics were given to them and then followed. Results: The study results showed a high prevalence of RTI (60%). The highest prevalence was found among the age group between 26 years and 29 years, followed by 30–33 years and 34–37 years. The most affected women were from rural population (80%), low socioeconomic group (63.4%), and illiterate (59%). Conclusion: The present study showed a high prevalence of RTI. It needs a further deep study on their literacy and economic factors to evaluate and analyze the impact of these factors on RTIs.


  1. Kumar S, Padubidri VG, Daftary SN. Howkins and bourne, shaws textbook of gynecology. Sexually transmitted diseases, Ch. 11. 2015. p. 155.
  2. Bany RA, Bang AT, Bailule M, et al. High prevalence of gynecologycal diseases in rural Indian women. Lancet 1989;1:285–288. DOI: 10.1016/s0140-6736(89)91438-4.
  3. Lathak Kanani SJ, Maitra N, Bhattacharya RV. Prevalence of clinically detectable gynaecological morbidity in India. Results of four community based studies. Family Welf 1997;43(4):8–16.
  4. Rizwan SA, Roth R, Vivek G, et al. KAp study of STISI RTIS among married women in rural Haryana. Indian Dermatology Online Journal 2015;6(1):9–12. DOI: 10.4103/2229-5178.148919.
  5. Low N, Broutet N, Adu-Sarkodie Y, et al. Global control of sexually transmitted infections. Lancet 2006;368(9551):2001–2006. DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(06)69482-8.
  6. World Health Organization, Guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections. Available: http:/?www.who. int/hiv/sti/en/STIGuidelines2003.pdf. last accessed February 2011 2003.
  7. Ravi RP, Kulasekaran RA. Care seeking behaviour to accessing services for sexual health problem among womens inrural area of Tamilnadu state in india. J Sexually Transmitted Dis 2014;2014:292157.
  8. Thekdin KP, Patel NK, Patel KG, et al. Health seeking attitude of women regarding reproductive tract infections in a rural area of Surendranagar district. Int J Res Med Sci 2013;1(4):552–556. DOI: 10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20131143.
  9. Dameru PP. Prevalance and factor associated with reproductive tract infections among married women of reproductive age in Nepal. Asian J Med Sci 2012;2(1):46–49.
  10. Philip PS, Benjamin AI, Sengupta P. Prevalence of symptoms suggestive of reproductive tract infections/sexually transmitted infections in women in urban area of Ludhiana. Indian J sexually transmitted Dis 2012;56(3):204–209.
  11. parashar A, Gupta B, Bhardwaj A, et al. Prevalence of RTIs among women of reproductive age group in shimla city. Indian J Community Med 2006;31(1):15–17. DOI: 10.4103/0970-0218.54924.
  12. Ramia S, Kobeissi L, El Kak F, et al. Reproductive tract infections (RTIs) among married non-pregnant women living in low-income suburb of Beirut, Lebanon. J Infect Dev Ctries 2012;6(9):680–683. DOI: 10.3855/jidc.1903.
  13. Ibrahim SM, Bukar M, Mohammed Y, et al. Prevalence of vaginal candidiasis among pregnant women with abnormal vaginal discharge in Maiduguri. Niger J Med 2013;22(2):138–142.
  14. Kazi YK, Shenoy AG, Velhal G, et al. Reproductive and sexual tract infections among married female youth in an urban slum of Mumbai. Natl J Community Med 2013;4(1):10–14.
  15. Kafle P. Prevalence and factor associated with reproductive tract infections in Gongolia village, Rupandehi district. Nepal Adv Public health 2016;2016:8063843. DOI: 10.1155/2016/8063843.
  16. Rabiu KA, Adewunmi AA, Akinlusi FM, et al. Female reproductive tract infections: understandings and care seeking behaviour among women of reproductive age in logos, Nigeria. BMC Women Health 2010;10:8–10. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6874-10-8.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.