Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 4 ( July-August, 2019 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Correlation of the Protein to Creatinine Ratio with the 24-hour Urine Protein Level in Pregnancy Complicated by Hypertension

Hanumant V Nipanal, Dilip Kumar Maurry, Susmitha S Reddy, Ravindra P Nagendra

Keywords : Hypertension in pregnancy, Protein to creatinine ratio, Proteinuria in pregnancy

Citation Information : Nipanal HV, Maurry DK, Reddy SS, Nagendra RP. Correlation of the Protein to Creatinine Ratio with the 24-hour Urine Protein Level in Pregnancy Complicated by Hypertension. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2019; 11 (4):235-238.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1695

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-08-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Abstract

Objectives: This study was undertaken to compare the urine protein to creatinine ratio with 24-hour urine protein estimation in pregnancy complicated by hypertension and to establish the cutoff value of the urine protein to creatinine ratio for predicting significant 24-hour proteinuria. Design: This is a comparative study and consists of a single group of 240 subjects. Setting: This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in collaboration with the Department of Biochemistry, JIPMER, Puducherry, India, from February 2011 to January 2013. Population: The subjects included 240 pregnant women admitted after 20 weeks of gestation to the Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER) Hospital with hypertension (≥140/90 mm Hg). Patients with known cases of renal diseases, diabetes, and urinary tract infection were excluded. Materials and methods: A first voided morning sample was obtained for urine protein and creatinine estimation, and urine culture. Subsequent urine samples were collected for the 24-hour urine protein estimation. Main outcome measures: The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio and 24-hour urine protein were significantly correlated (r = 0.98; p < 0.0001). The cutoff value for the protein to creatinine ratio as an indicator of protein excretion ≥300 mg/day was 0.285. The sensitivity and specificity were 100% and 99.02%, respectively. The positive and negative predictive values were 100% and 99%, respectively. Results: The cutoff value for the protein to creatinine ratio as an indicator of protein excretion ≥300 mg/day was 0.285 with significant correlation. Conclusion: The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio is valuable for clinical purposes.


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