Journal of South Asian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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VOLUME 11 , ISSUE 1 ( January-February, 2019 ) > List of Articles


Comparing Hysterosalpingographic Findings with Laparoscopic and Hysteroscopic Results in Infertile Patients: A Southwestern Iranian Study

Mahvash Zargar, Farideh Moramezi, Sarah Zarepeyma

Keywords : Hysterosalpingography, Hysteroscopy, Infertility

Citation Information : Zargar M, Moramezi F, Zarepeyma S. Comparing Hysterosalpingographic Findings with Laparoscopic and Hysteroscopic Results in Infertile Patients: A Southwestern Iranian Study. J South Asian Feder Obs Gynae 2019; 11 (1):17-22.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1643

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-03-2019

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2019; The Author(s).


Aim: This study aimed to compare the hysterosalpingographic findings with laparoscopy and hysteroscopy findings in infertile patients referring to Ahvaz Imam Khomeini Hospital. Materials and methods: This retrospective study was conducted on patients referred to infertility clinics of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ahvaz for hysterosalpingography (HSG) during 2 years from March 2014 to February 2016. Our subjects were married women with different years of infertility. Results: Of 200 patients, six cases were excluded from the study due to the lack of information, and 194 patients were included in the study. In this study, 71 women (36.6%) had secondary infertility. On average, the women examined had 5.19-year infertility. Less than 10% of women have been suffering from infertility for more than 10 years. The most common uterine findings (50.5%) in uterine hysteroscopy were normal. The most cervical findings (97.9%) in cervical hysteroscopy were normal. The most laparoscopic finding (54.6%) was the normality and openness of both fallopian tubes. The highest hysteroscopy findings (76.3%) were the normality of the endometrial cavity and cervix and the openness of both fallopian tubes. The hysterosalpingographic findings (54.6%) were consistent with laparoscopic findings, and in 75.2% of the cases were consistent with the hysteroscopy findings. Conclusion: Considering the results of the study and the ease of using ultrasound in all medical diagnostic fields, in particular, consideration of the issues surrounding the reproductive system of women, the adaptation of transvaginal sonography and other diagnostic methods, such as hysterosalpingography, laparoscopy and hysteroscopy in future studies is recommended.

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