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JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
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1.  CASE REPORT
Herlyn–Werner–Wunderlich Syndrome: Premenarche
Anita David, Shobha N Gudi, Shankar R
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June (supplement)] [Volume:9 ] [Number:2] [Pages:67] [Pages No:207-210] [No of Hits : 845]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1496 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To increase awareness about this rare condition in order to aid early diagnosis and effective treatment which can eventually prevent complications and infertility issues in the future.

Materials and methods: A case of a 10 year old pre-menarchal girl, who presented with this syndrome, was managed surgically. After this, a literature search was done and similar case reports were reviewed.

Results: The Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome (HWW) is a rare Müllerian anomaly with an incidence of 0.1-3.8%. It is characterised by uterus didelphys with obstructed hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. This condition can be treated with surgery. Since delay in diagnosis may lead to complications, early diagnosis and treatment is beneficial. When Müllerian anomalies are encountered, a screening should also be made for congenital renal abnormalities and vice versa. This condition usually presents postmenarche with abdominal pain due to hematocolpos or dysmenorrhoea. However, there are rare occasions when this condition can present even before menarche.

Conclusion: The clinical presentation of HWW syndrome requires a high index of clinical suspicion. Though computed tomography or ultrasound can be used to confirm the diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging is considered to be the preferred imaging modality. Early diagnosis and surgical management is important in order to prevent complications like retrograde tubal reflux, leading to endometriosis and infertility.

Keywords: Dysmenorrhea, Hematocolpos, Müllerian anomalies, Premenarchal pain abdomen, Renal agenesis, Uterine didelphys.

How to cite this article: David A, Gudi SN, Shankar R. Herlyn- Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome: Premenarche. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2017;9(2):207-210.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Date of received: 2 January 2017

Date of acceptance: 2 March 2017

Date of publication: April 2017

 
2.  RESEARCH ARTICLE
Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Contraception among Pregnant Women in Ende District, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
Budi I Santoso, Raymond Surya
[Year:2017] [Month:April-June] [Volume:9 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:110-118] [No of Hits : 774]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1470 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Indonesia has the fourth largest population in the world with 255.7 million people and a rate of birth of 21 per 1,000 population. There is also a high rate of unmet need and total fertility rate (TFR), which can potentially lead to unwanted pregnancies, consequently increasing the maternal mortality rate (MMR). Thus, family planning program through postpartum contraceptive use is one of the efforts to reduce the MMR and TFR. This study is conducted to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of contraception among pregnant women in Ende district.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at three primary health centers in the main district of Ende from July to August 2015. A total of 305 pregnant women who completed questionnaires assessing their KAP of contraception were enrolled in this study. The data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 23.0 for Windows with Pearson or Spearman correlation tests.

Results: In this study, 86.53% of pregnant women were aware of family planning methods, among which the best known was injection (63.97%). Most respondents obtained information from health professionals (63.30%). More than half of the respondents agreed that contraception was beneficial and would recommend it to their families. The most prevalent reason for not wanting to use contraception in the future was the desire to have a child (44.59%). The total knowledge score was correlated with attitude and practice scores (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: More than half of respondents knew, agreed, and would like to recommend contraception. Primary health care providers play a major role in improving women’s knowledge of family planning. To support the success of family planning, the government should emphasize on family planning education. In particular, there appears to be need for counseling about family planning for pregnant women.

Keywords: Contraception, Cross-sectional study, Knowledge, Attitude and practice, Pregnant women.

How to cite this article: Santoso BI, Surya R. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Contraception among Pregnant Women in Ende District, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2017;9(2):110-118.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Date of received: 29 January 2017

Date of acceptance: 16 February 2017

Date of publication: March 2017

 
3.  Research Article
Oral Misoprostol vs Intravenous Oxytocin Infusion for Induction of Labor in Prelabor Rupture of Membranes
Shaheen Anjum, Rajyashri Sharma
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:4-7] [No of Hits : 534]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1375 | PAID (Buy Now)

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To compare the efficacy, side effects and safety of oral misoprostol to intravenous oxytocin infusion for induction of labor in prelabor rupture of membranes (PROM).

Materials and methods: Two hundred and sixty-six women of prelabor rupture of membranes were assigned to receive either oral misoprostol 100 µg 6 hourly to a maximum 3 doses (misoprostol group, n = 142), or escalating doses of oxytocin infusion up to 20 mIU/min in primigravida and up to 10 mIU/min in multigravida (oxytocin group, n = 114).

Results: Demographic characteristics were similar in both the groups. The difference in mean induction to delivery interval (8.2 ± 6 hours in misoprostol group vs 12.2 ± 6 hours in oxytocin group) was statistically significant when two groups were compared. The incidence of vaginal delivery (86.1% in misoprostol group vs 84.2% in oxytocin group), and cesarean delivery (13.9% in misoprostol group vs 15.8% in oxytocin group), was almost similar in both the groups. The indication of cesarean delivery was dystocia (40% in misoprostol group vs 67% in oxytocin group), and fetal distress (60% in misoprostol group vs 33% in oxytocin group) and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.01). Maternal and neonatal safety outcomes were similar for the two treatments.

Conclusion: Oral misoprostol in prelabor rupture of membrane have almost similar results as intravenous oxytocin in safety, efficacy and side effects except induction delivery interval, which is less in misoprostol group.

Keywords: Induction of labor, Misoprostol, Oxytocin induction, Prelabor rupture of membranes.

How to cite this article: Anjum S, Sharma R. Oral Misoprostol vs Intravenous Oxytocin Infusion for Induction of Labor in Prelabor Rupture of Membranes. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2016;8(1):4-7.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Date of received: 8 November 2015

Date of acceptance: 18 February 2016

Date of publication: March 2016

 
4.  Editorial
Topical Nitroglycerin for Osteoporosis: Old Drug New Application
Jaideep Malhotra, Ruchika Garg, Prabhat Agrawal, Ayush Agarwal, Omkar Singh
[Year:2016] [Month:January-March] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:84] [Pages No:1-3] [No of Hits : 520]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1374 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis is a progressive bone disease characterized by a decrease in the bone mass and density, which can lead to an increased risk of fracture. Multiple treatments have been formulated for it like calcium, vitamin D supplements, bisphosphonates, raloxifene, hormone replacement therapies, teriparatide and calcitonin. However, all of these have their own shortcomings. Topical nitroglycerin is a cost-effective, novel medication that not only increases bone formation but also decreases its resorption, and also has the potential to decrease vertebral fractures more than that provided by the existing treatments. Therefore, it could be the answer to the need of an efficacious, cost-effective, affordable, safe and a convenient form of therapy for the prevention of post-menopausal bone loss and osteoporosis as a whole. Therefore, we recommend that individuals with osteoporosis be treated with topical nitroglycerin ointment (15 mg/day).

Keywords: Bone mineral density, Fracture, Nitroglycerin, Osteoporosis, Topical.

How to cite this article: Malhotra J, Garg R, Agrawal P, Agarwal A, Singh O. Topical Nitroglycerin for Osteoporosis: Old Drug New Application. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2016;8(1):1-3.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Date of received: 21 November 2015

Date of acceptance: 10 January 2016

Date of publication: March 2016

 
5.  REVIEW ARTICLE
Drug Review: Fosfomycin—A Rarely used but more Practical Approach for Urinary Tract Infections
Prabhat Agrawal, Ruchika Garg, Sangeeta Yadav, Omkar Singh
[Year:2015] [Month:May-August] [Volume:7 ] [Number:2] [Pages:50] [Pages No:68-70] [No of Hits : 1314]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1326 | FREE

ABSTRACT

In this current era of resistance, treating urinary tract infections (UTIs) on outpatient department (OPD) basis has become cumbersome. Resistance has dramatically increased for cotrimoxazole, levofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and nitrofurantoin in past few decades. Intravenous drugs increase the cost of treatment and patient may need hospitalization. We searched and analyzed the literature and found fosfomycin to be better alternative in resistant UTI as resistance to this drug is low and is cost-effective in comparison to available intravenous drugs.

Keywords: Fosfomycin, Monurol, Resistant urinary tract infection.

How to cite this article: Agrawal P, Garg R, Yadav S, Singh O. Drug Review: Fosfomycin-A Rarely used but more Practical Approach for Urinary Tract Infections. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2015;7(2):68-70.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Date of received: 21 March 2015

Date of acceptance: 31 March 2015

Date of publication: August 2015

 
6.  News and Events
News and Events
[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:49] [Pages No:vii-ix] [No of Hits : 849]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

ASPIRE, Pakistan, 13th-15th March 2015
(Pre-Conference Workshops Report)

Hands-On Workshop on IUI
Venue: Rashid Latif Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
Facilitator: Dr Farrukh Zaman, Dr Haroon Latif Khan, Dr Samina Suhail, Dr Aisha Awais, Mr Kausar Sidiqi, Mr Burhan
Number of Participants: 25
Program: Practicality of IUI Basic to Set Up, Ovarian Stimulation Protocols, Workup on infertility, Insemination on Dummy, Semen Preparation for IUI.

 
7.  Editorial
Greetings!!
Narendra Malhotra, Ruchika Garg
[Year:2015] [Month:January-April] [Volume:7 ] [Number:1] [Pages:49] [Pages No:v] [No of Hits : 609]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Greetings!!
Scientifically, this issue deals with the use of misoprostal for analgesia for gynecological procedures, impact of thyroid dysfunction on pregnancy outcome and prevalence of low backache in working reproductive aged women and how abnormal uterine bleeding affects quality of life.

 
8.  EDITORIAL
Cord Blood Banking: Where are We?
Jaideep Malhotra, Ruchika Garg
[Year:2015] [Month:September-December] [Volume:7 ] [Number:3] [Pages:53] [Pages No:103-105] [No of Hits : 560]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1336 | FREE



Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) offers the only hope of cure for a number of diseases of childhood both malignant and nonmalignant including thalassemia and metabolic-storage disorders.

 
9.  Case Report
An Unusual Case of Anterior Vaginal Wall Cyst
GS Anitha, M Prathiba, Mangala Gowri
[Year:2015] [Month:September-December (supplement)] [Volume:7 ] [Number:3] [Pages:89] [Pages No:227-230] [No of Hits : 516]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1367 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Vaginal cysts are rare and are mostly detected as an incidental finding during a gynecological examination. Gartner duct cysts, the most common benign cystic lesion of the vagina, represent embryologic remnants of the caudal end of the mesonephric (Wolffian) duct. These cysts are usually small and asymptomatic and have been reported to occur in as many as 1% of all women. A 17-year-old unmarried girl presented with mass per vagina since one and a half year. On examination, anterior vaginal wall cyst of 8 × 4 × 3 cm was detected. Surgical excision of the cyst was done under spinal anesthesia by sharp and blunt dissection. The cyst was filled with mucoid material and histopathological examination confirmed Gartner origin. This is a rare case of large Gartner cyst.

Keywords: Anterior vaginal wall cyst, Gartner cyst, Müllerian cyst, Surgical excision.

How to cite this article: Anitha GS, Prathiba M, Gowri M. An Unusual Case of Anterior Vaginal Wall Cyst. J South Asian Feder Obst Gynae 2015;7(3):227-230.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

Date of received: 4 August 2015

Date of acceptance: 24 September 2015

Date of publication: December 2015

 
10.  News and Events
Highlights of SOGP Activities
Narendra Malhotra, Randhir Puri, Ruchika Garg
[Year:2014] [Month:January-April] [Volume:6 ] [Number:1] [Pages:64] [Pages No:xiv-xxiii] [No of Hits : 4452]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Highlights of SOGP Activities
Oath taking ceremony of newly elected SOGP office bearers took place at Sheraton Hotel, Karachi, on 1st June 2013. Following members took the oath.

  • President : Prof Tasneem Ashraf (Balochistan).
  • Vice Presidents : Dr Razia Korejo (Sindh), Prof Aziz-un Nisa Abbasi (KPK), Prof Muhammad Tayyab (Punjab).
  • Gen. Secretary : Dr Haleema Yasmin, Joint Secretary : Prof Aisha Siddiqua, Treasurer : Dr Shahina Ishtiaq.
  • Executive Members : Prof Ghazala Mahmud, Prof Roshan Ara Qazi, Prof Mahmmad Al Fareed Zaffar, Dr Shahida Shaikh, Prof Lubna Hassan, Dr Nighat Shah.

 
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